Knowledge Management

This document was prepared at the request of the Iraq Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) to ensure robust evidence to inform an increasingly prioritized humanitarian response. The strategy provides an overall direction of Iraq HCT’s commitment to the Grand Bargain and links the decision-making processes and existing information systems. It builds on existing coordination structure, available tools and tested methodologies in Iraq, while taking into account what is feasible in terms of capacity, to improve assessment preparedness and evidence-based response. Improvements can be considered if new tools/methodologies/approaches emerge throughout 2019.
Life cycle steps
Population types
All affected population

The Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC) comprises several processes and stages, specifically coordinated needs assessment and analysis – leading to a Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) – and joint response planning – reflected in a Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). These stages are complemented by Periodic Monitoring Reports (PMR) produced throughout the implementation period, and the Mid-Year Review, indicating where adjustments to the collective response under the HRP are required.  
The HNO is the process by which the humanitarian community collaboratively collects and analyses existing humanitarian information and reaches a shared understanding of the priority issues, of the likely evolution of the situation to inform the humanitarian organisation’s strategic response in a given humanitarian context. Information in the HNO document describes the impact of the humanitarian crisis, provides and explains an estimate of which population groups have been affected, analyses their situation and gives an overview of the operational environment. The HNO captures both the current situation and the projected evolution of needs during the planning cycle. 

The overall purpose of the MultiSectoral Needs Assessment (MSNA) in Syria is to provide valid information at a strategic level to identify critical needs according to geographic areas and sectors, assessing most important issues and their underlying factors, the on-going humanitarian response, humanitarian access and identifying information gaps and needs.. The present document contains both the methodology as well as the terms of reference of the MultiSectoral Needs Assessment (MSNA) in Syria.
Life cycle steps

In June 2012, the South Sudan Humanitarian Country Team requested support to facilitate a series of coordinated assessment workshops to promote systematic use of the South Sudan Initial Rapid Needs Assessment (IRNA) tool. The workshops aimed to promote the IRNA joint assessment methodology by familiarizing humanitarian practitioners in South Sudan on the purpose and uses of the tool and to obtain feedback from intended end-users.
Life cycle steps

A Flash Appeal is triggered for sudden onset disasters, when the crisis surpasses the ability of the government and any one agency to respond adequately. A Flash Appeal is also issued when an L3-crisis is declared. According to GA Resolution 46/182, a FA should be issued within the shortest possible time and in any event not longer than one week after the crisis.