The Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC) comprises several processes and stages, specifically coordinated needs assessment and analysis – leading to a Humanitarian Needs Overview (HNO) – and joint response planning – reflected in a Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP). These stages are complemented by Periodic Monitoring Reports (PMR) produced throughout the implementation period, and the Mid-Year Review, indicating where adjustments to the collective response under the HRP are required.
The HNO is the process by which the humanitarian community collaboratively collects and analyses existing humanitarian information and reaches a shared understanding of the priority issues, of the likely evolution of the situation to inform the humanitarian organisation’s strategic response in a given humanitarian context. Information in the HNO document describes the impact of the humanitarian crisis, provides and explains an estimate of which population groups have been affected, analyses their situation and gives an overview of the operational environment. The HNO captures both the current situation and the projected evolution of needs during the planning cycle.